Isidore the Farmer and Rerum Novarum

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Saint Isidore, or, in his native Spanish, Isidro de Merlo y Quintana, named after the other Isidore, the bishop of Seville (whom we celebrated back on April 4th). This saint is known to us as Isidore the Laborer (Labrador), or the Farmer, was born about the year 1070 in Madrid, and spent his entire, outwardly uneventful life, as his title attests, a farm laborer for a wealthy landowner, on the outskirts of the city. He married a certain Maria Torribia, and their happy marriage produced a son, who in childhood was miraculously rescued from a deep well, after which they vowed continence to better devote themselves to the things of the Lord (I may have a separate excursus on such so-called ‘Josephite marriages’ in another post).

Isidore and Maria were known for their piety and holiness, their attendance at daily Mass, feeding the poor, a consistent prayer life, all in the midst of their ordinary duties, signifying that we may find great sanctity in doing the duty of the moment. In fact, there is no other way to achieve holiness, but by doings God’s will, in the great and the small – and almost always the small – things in life. Plowing the field, feeding the animals, preparing breakfast, a smile for each other at the end of a long, hot and bothersome day, ‘little things done well’, for the love of God, for it is love – charity – and not the ‘greatness of the work’ that is the principle of merit before God.

It is fitting that Isidore’s feast falls on the anniversary Leo XIII’s encyclical Rerum Novarum, which the Pontiff promulgated on this day in 1891. Therein, he outlines the ultimate purpose of human work, as developing and perfecting ‘private property’, that part of the world upon which one impresses one’s personality – whether this be land, or any other ‘workspace’, shapes it, and makes it produce ‘good fruit’ that will ultimately last unto eternal life.

Pope Saint John Paul II develops this theme in his own 1981 Laborem Exercens, (see my reflection on May 1st, Joseph the Worker) where he distinguishes the objective value of human work – the ‘good’ that the work produces in the world – from the subjective value – that which the work does to perfect the worker. It is the latter that is most important, and fundamental, and which leads the worker, if he does well, to heaven.

So it was with Saint Isidore, whose life is filled with endearing miracles of multiplying food, of angels plowing his field while he was at Mass, and of his own body being found incorrupt when washed up in a torrential rain on April 2nd, 1212, nearly a century after his death on this day in 1130.

Isidore the Farmer was canonized on March 12, 1622 by Pope Gregory XV along with four other saints, who are quite unlike him, besides their common holiness: Ignatius of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Theresa of Avila and Philip Neri (who is also unlike the rest, in that he is the only Italian. The members of the Oratory, which Saint Philip founded, like to joke that the Pope canonized ‘four Spaniards and a Saint’)

His body now lies alongside his wife – also up for canonization – in the church bearing his name in Madrid, secured with nine padlocks, for which only the King has the master key, and he can only open it in the presence of the Archbishop (the last time was back in 1985).

Isidore and Maria’s life signifies that a simple, hidden married life – in the midst of the pots and pans, as Theresa of Avila would say – is a sure path to heaven, if lived with in  joy and laughter, prayer and good works, in all the good fruits of faith, hope and abiding charity.