Peter, Paul and the Path to Rome

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Today’s memorial of the dedication of the basilicas of Saints Peter and Paul – following upon that of the Lateran Basilica last week – reminds us of the importance of the Church in Rome, as a universal entity, which exists throughout the world as the ‘pillar and bulwark of the truth’, and the path to salvation, and will do so, against the very gates of hell, until the end of time, regardless of who sits upon the chair of Peter.

For today’s memorial also calls to mind that the Church, founded by Christ, was established in the world under the leadership and guidance of these two Apostles, collaborators and friends in life and in death, meeting their end in the bloody persecution under the deviant, perverted, anti-Christian emperor Nero, in the precincts of that very city that would be called ‘eternal’. The two basilicas of Saint Peter’s, and Saint Paul’s ‘outside the walls’, are built over the respective sites of the martyrdoms of the two Apostles, and where their bones now rest until the return of Christ, and the resurrection of all the dead, unto life, or unto perdition.

The basilica of Saint Peter is perhaps the most famous church in the world. Its first iteration, built under the direction of Emperor Constantine, was dedicated on this day in 326 by Pope Sylvester I. Its second and current version, built, designed and decorated by some of the greatest of the renaissance artists was consecrated on this same day over a millennium later, in 1626, by Pope Urban VIII. The artistic treasures of this glorious building are too numerous to be recounted here, but we might recall not least Michelangelo, his Sistine chapel, the immense and precise statuary (the indescribable Pieta), as well as the delicate proportions of the massive cupola, which was considered an architectural and engineering impossibility, until the same Michelangelo’s incomparable mind discovered a solution in making the shape almost spherical, but with a slight ellipse, scarcely noticeable; this is much as God did with the orbits of the planets, most of whose orbits are also nearly perfectly circular, but with just the tinge of an ellipse, as Johannes Kepler would deduce in 1609, just before the church’s dedication.

Like the finely crafted cosmos, whose symmetrical laws we are still discovering, the Church is a precious jewel in the hand of God, a spiritual, moral and intellectual edifice, showing with clarity and precision the way and the truth to the fullness of life – even if such is at times obscured in this vale of tears by scandal, complaisance and compromise. We must look past what obfuscation there be in any particular holders of the offices of Peter and Paul – and I need not make a dirty laundry list in these days – to the truth that lies behind the obfuscations and half-truths, all those central mysteries of our faith, at least for those with ‘eyes to see and ears to hear‘. Stay with the Church, and do not jump ship. Perhaps it’s no coincidence on this day that also marks Boniface VIII issuing his controversial bull Unam Sanctam in 1302, emphasizing the supreme spiritual authority of the papacy. Extra ecclesiam nulla salus still holds, if in a nuanced way, that outside the Church, there is no salvation. All others paths must eventually lead to Rome, or they lead nowhere good at all.

By decree of Pope Sixtus V in his papal decree of 1585, Romanus Pontifex, bishops are required to make their quinquennial ad limina visit to Rome – every five years, to the ‘threshold of the Apostles’. We too might trod, with Peter and Paul and all the saints, spiritually, at least, that straight and narrow way that will bring us where we belong, here and into eternity.

Saints Peter and Paul, orate pro nobis!