November 23rd marks one of those tri-partite saint days, Clement, Columba and Pro, which sounds like a sign outside a law office – not far off the mark, as these three intercessors and examples from three different eras all lived, and two gave their lives, for the law of their God. Their joyful fidelity in the midst of their struggles contra mundum should lift our spirits in this last week of the liturgical year, just after Christ the King, and as we look forward to Advent. We must keep our eyes on eternity in these tumultuous times.
Saint Clement of Rome (+99 A.D.) was either the first, second or third Pope after Saint Peter, depending on how you count them, and whether ‘Cletus’ and ‘Anacletus’ are the same person. One way or the other, Clement was likely ordained by Saint Peter himself, the fisherman-turned-fisher-of-men. Clement’s letters offer strong evidence of the papal primacy and prerogative from the very beginning of the Church, one of the things that prompted Cardinal Newman’s famous dictum that to delve into history is to cease to be Protestant. Clement’s letters to the people at Corinth – which used to be read at Mass in those nascent days although never adopted as canonical Scripture, although they nearly were so – also signify that the Church Christ founded was ‘Catholic’ from the beginning, with a Pope, who had, and knew he had universal authority and jurisdiction. We may add that in those first years after the Apostles there were bishops, priests, the Mass, the Eucharist and all the other sacraments, all much as we know them now. Ecclesia Catholica stat in aeternum!
Under Emperor Trajan, Clement was exiled to the mines at Chersonesus on the Crimean peninsula, and, after miraculously providing for his fellow prisoners with a spring of water, himself gained the martyr’s crown by being cast into the depths of the Black Sea tied to an anchor.
Saint Columban (+615) was an Irish monk – not to be confused with the earlier Columba or Columbkille (+597) who set up the abbey at Iona – but who like the latter, travelled over the sea from Ireland, to Scotland. Columban, however, continued down into France and Italy, in which latter regions he spent the remainder of his life, setting up monasteries, the most famous being those at Luxeiul and Bobbio, both of which are still standing. As he journeyed, he preached the Faith, rebuking and converting kings and queens, battling bishops, refuting the still-remaining traces of Arianism and Nestorianism, all the while supported in his vast and wide-ranging apostolic work with a life of deep prayer and discipline.
Not insignificantly, Columbanus also testifies to the enduring Tradition of Catholicism, and fidelity to the Holy Father as the authority over all Christendom, writing to Pope Boniface IV in the midst of one of his controversies:
We Irish, though dwelling at the far ends of the earth, are all disciples of Saint Peter and Saint Paul … we are bound to the Chair of Peter, and although Rome is great and renowned, through that Chair alone is she looked on as great and illustrious among us … On account of the two Apostles of Christ, you are almost celestial, and Rome is the head of the whole world, and of the Churches.
And the third saint also testifies to fidelity to all that ‘Rome’ stands for: Blessed Miguel Pro was a charismatic, joyful young Jesuit during the savage persecutions by the communist government in Mexico in the early 20th century, put to death by firing squad on this day in 1927 under orders of president Plutarco Elias Calles, on false charges of plotting to assassinate former president Alvaro Obregon, both of them vehement anti-Catholics, hell-bent on destroying the Church, with an especial animosity for priests.
As everyone knew, Father Miguel, for all their own desire to kill him, was innocent, desiring only their conversion and their good.
From his earliest years, Miguel was known for his high intelligence, his infectious joy, and his sparkling wit, which yet was never coarse nor mean. This charisma was perfected by, and the fruit of, a deep and abiding spirituality. There was the ‘playful Pro’, full of joy and laughter, and the ‘prayerful Pro’, spending long hours in the chapel.
After studies and formation with the Jesuit Order – in exile in California, since such education was illegal in Mexico – he went back to his native country in 1926, spending a year in fruitful apostolic work, evading capture with disguise and ingenuity, saying Mass and hearing thousands of confessions in secret. He was helped by his youthful looks and natural ability to act, avoiding the spies, until his arrest in 1927, after which he was executed by firing squad, without evidence after a farce of a show trial. One of the soldiers – a Catholic, with some flicker of a conscience – asked the priest for forgiveness for what he was about to do. Father Pro responded, ‘Not only do I forgive you, but I thank you’. For the Jesuit used to quip to the nuns whose confessions he heard, that they must pray he be martyred, for it was the only way he was going to make it to heaven.
The priests’ only request as he faced imminent death was that he be permitted to spend some time in prayer, and the picture of him kneeling in deep reflection is profound, offering his sufferings for his beloved native land. As he stood, with arms outstretched in cruciform waiting to die, he prayed: May God have mercy on you! May God bless you! Lord, Thou knowest that I am innocent! With all my heart I forgive my enemies…
He then cried out Viva Cristo Rey! as the bullets smashed into his body. Tens of thousands lined up to see a glimpse of his remains at his funeral, which filled the tyrant Calles with dread, like Antiochus of old.
The witness of the saints is, in the end, invincible.
At his beatification as a martyr on September 25, 1988, Pope John Paul II had this to say about Father Miguel:
Neither suffering nor serious illness, nor the exhausting ministerial activity, frequently carried out in difficult and dangerous circumstances, could stifle the radiating and contagious joy which he brought to his life for Christ and which nothing could take away. Indeed, the deepest root of self-sacrificing surrender for the lowly was his passionate love for Jesus Christ and his ardent desire to be conformed to him, even unto death
And so must we all – be conformed to Christ, unto death – for only so we may one day truly live.
Orate pro nobis! +